The Gupta Age in the 4th century CE is considered to be the golden age of ancient India. It is considered to be so as during this period numerous achievements, extensive inventions, and discoveries were seen in science, technology, engineering, art, dialectic, literature, logic, mathematics, astronomy, religion, and philosophy.
In spite of the fact that Chandragupta I and his son, Samudragupta, were prominent rulers, the rule of Chandragupta II incorporated the best advancement of science, craftsmanship, reasoning, and religion by the public authority. Chandragupta’s court was significantly more persuasive than those that preceded or after in light of the fact that it contained the Navaratnas, or the Nine Jewels, a gathering of nine researchers who created headways in numerous scholarly fields.
The Navaratnas had the likes of Aryabhatta, Varamihira and Kalidasa. Aryabhatta who is believed to have given the idea of zero is additionally believed to be the first of the Indian mathematician-astronomers who proposed the hypothesis that the Earth moves around the Sun and isn’t flat, rather is round and turns on its own pivot.
Sushruta, a celebrated Indian physician of the Gupta time frame, composed the ‘Samhita’, a Sanskrit text on the entirety of the significant ideas of ayurvedic medication, with imaginative sections on a medical procedure.
Kalidasa, considered to be the greatest poet and dramatist of the Sanskrit language, additionally had a place fundamentally with this period. He composed plays, for example, Shakuntala, which is said to have enlivened the renowned German essayist and legislator, Johann von Goethe, hundreds of years after the fact.
The cultural creativity of the Golden Age of India produced magnificent architecture, including palaces and temples, as well as sculptures and paintings of the highest quality. During Gupta Era, the rock cut architecture reached its zenith and this era marked the beginning of the free standing temple architecture. The Gupta Dynasty promoted Hinduism, but supported Buddhist and Jain cultures as well.
This is supported by the fact that many temples like the Vishnu Temple of Tigawa Jabalpur, the Shiva Temple of Bhumara, the Parvati Temple of Nachria Kathura, the Mukund Darra Temple of Kota, and the Lakshaman Temple of Raipur. Many stupas were made, a life-size copper image of Buddha (more than 6 feet wide) was made, which was discovered near Bhagalpur.
Fa Xian was one of the first Chinese travelers to visit India during the reign of Gupta Emperor Chandragupta II. His writings express pleasure in the mildness of the administrations of the places he travelled. After many years of dominance, the Gupta Empire collapsed in 550 CE, due to invasions and weak leadership of successive rulers.
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