Recently, the Union Minister for Environment, Forest, and Climate Change addressed the fifteenth session of the Conference of the Parties (COP15) of the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) in Cote d’Ivoire (Western Africa).
ABOUT COP 15:
COP15 is a key moment in the battle against desertification, land corruption, and dry spell.
It will expand on the discoveries of the second version of the Global Land Outlook and propose a substantial reaction to the interconnected difficulties of land corruption, environmental change, and biodiversity misfortune.
The Global Land Outlook (GLO), the UNCCD leader distribution, highlights land framework challenges, features ground-breaking strategies and practices, and focuses on financially savvy pathways to increase feasible land and water for the executives.
Drought, land restoration, and related enablers such as land rights, gender equality, and youth empowerment are among the top items on the Conference agenda.
Land degradation is defined as the reduction or loss of the biological or economic productivity of drylands. Land degradation in arid, semiarid, and dry subhumid areas results from various factors, including climatic variations and human activities.
The various causes that result in land degradation are loss of soil cover mainly due to rainfall, vegetation degradation, water erosion, wind erosion, and climate change.
United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) was established in 1994, the sole legally binding international agreement linking environment and development to sustainable land management.
The Delhi Declaration of 2019, signed by the 14th CoP of the UNCCD, called for better access and stewardship over land and emphasized gender-sensitive transformative projects.
The institution has taken up The Bonn Challenge i.e., to bring 150 million hectares of the world’s deforested and degraded land into restoration by 2020, and 350 million hectares by 2030.
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