The end of colonialism
Towards the end of the Second World War in 1945, the countries of Europe still claimed ownership of vast areas of the world, especially in Asia and Africa.
England’s Empire was the biggest in the region, comprising India, Burma, Ceylon, Malaya, tremendous plots of Africa, and many grouped islands and different domains, like Cyprus, Hong Kong, the West Indies, the Falkland Islands, and Gibraltar.
France had the second biggest empire, with regions in Africa, Indo-China, and the West Indies. Moreover, Britain and France actually held land in the Middle East, taken from Turkey toward the finish of the First World War. England held Transjordan and Palestine and France held Syria. They were known as ‘commanded’ domains, which implied that Britain and France were expected to take care of them and set them up for autonomy.
Other significant empires were those of the Netherlands (Dutch East Indies). Belgium (Congo and Ruanda Urundi), Portugal (Angola, Mozambique, and Guinea), Spain (Spanish Sahara, Ifni, Spanish Morocco, and Spanish Guinea), and Italy (Libya, Somalia, and Eritrea).
Over the course of the following 30 years, striking changes occurred. By 1975 the vast majority of these colonial regions had acquired their freedom. At times, as in the Dutch and French provinces, they needed to battle for it against decided European opposition. The issues included were many times complex; in India, there were harsh strict contrasts to determine. In certain areas – Algeria, Kenya, Tanganyika, Uganda, and Rhodesia – enormous quantities of whites had settled, and they were determinedly unfriendly to autonomy, which would put them under the dark rule. England was ready to allow autonomy when it was felt that singular domains were prepared for it, and the greater part of the new states held a connection with Britain by staying in the British Commonwealth (a gathering of previous British-controlled countries that consented to keep partner together, predominantly on the grounds that there were sure benefits to acquired from doing as such).
The other colonial powers were not entirely settled to clutch their empires by military power, yet they gave way eventually.